GENERAL SHEET PILING CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE
(Based on Marina Barrage Project experience)


1) Usually from 2 ends moving towards the middle to avoid pile tilting (creeping);
2) Set a stretch of pile panel, say 10m long; or within natural 2 corner piles;
3-1) On land: within the working stretch, lay guide beam ('I" beam);
3-2) On sea: install king post, "I" cross beam and guide beams ("I" beam). Also install access using "I" beam by the side of guide beam;
4) Drive the 1st layer of sheet piles to the ground level (welding seams shall be staggered during fabrication);
5) Alternate pitching the 2nd tier sheet piles and join them to the 1st tier by welding;
6) Alternate drive the 2nd tier sheet piles;
7) Repeat the procedure 4-6.

NOTE:
1) Purpose of alternate driving:
- Staggering welding point of neighbouring piles;
- Avoid pile tilting (creeping).
2) Corner piles are special made for turning and joint.
3) 12 ton for a pair, 8 ton for single sheet piles.
4) There is relationship among sheet pile depth, soil condition, type of sheet pile used (III, IV, or VI) and type of hammer to be used (hydraulic or vibro, and the weight). Generally, the harder of the soil, the deeper of the penetration, the bigger and thicker size of sheet pile, the more heavy-duty hammer is required.
5) When the depth goes deeper, the resistance from the friction of the sheet pile is getting bigger and this friction prevails the soil resistance.
6) Generally, the bigger size of sheet pile can go deeper. Also, the pipe (eg. dia=600mm) can go deeper than sheet pile.
7) Sheet piles tend to be easy to be extracted later when the vibro is used instead of hydraulic hammer.


SHEET PILE FABRICATION AND TESTING
(Based on Marina Barrage Project experience)

 


Close view of the sheet pile spicing

 


Welding of splicing

 


MPI test (Magnetic Particle Inspection) for the welding joint

 


DRIVING-IN METHOD
(Based on Marina Barrage Project experience)

 


Impact Hammer Driving: A 7-ton hydraulic hammer

 


Vibro-driving: A 12-ton vibro hammer

 


Vibro-driving: Power pack for vibro hammer

 


PRESS-IN METHOD (SILENT PILER)
(Extracted from the Oriental-Arcelor and Giken catalogues (2006))



Press-in principle

 


Machine layout plan for typical silent piling

 


Machine layout elevation for typical silent piling

 


Silent piler for sheet piles

 

Driving Aids in Hard Soil:

- Pre-augering;

- Water jet;

- Pre-drilling

 


Pre-augering

 


Left: Water jet; Right: Pre-drilling

 


DRIVING GUIDE AND CORNER PILES
(Based on Marina Barrage Project experience)

 


Lay guide beams before installation of sheet piles

 


Corner pile

 


NORMAL DRIVING METHODS

- Pitch and drive;

- Panel driving;

- Staggered driving;

- Combination

 

Panel Driving Method - A Recommended Driving Method
(Extracted from the Oriental-Arcelor (2006))


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DRIVABILITY
(Extracted from the Oriental-Arcelor (2006))


 

CROSS REFERENCE
Land sheet piling production rate
Marine sheet piling production rate